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Crop Science Abstract -

Detection of Genes for Resistance to Common Bacterial Blight of Beans


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 38 No. 5, p. 1290-1296
    Received: Sept 8, 1997

    * Corresponding author(s): eduardo@nervm.nerdc.ufl.edu
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  1. Z. H. Yu,
  2. R. E. Stall and
  3. C. E. Vallejos 
  1. U SDA-ARS-SCRL, 2765 F&B Road, College Station, TX 77845
    D ep. of Plant Pathology, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611
    D ep. of Horticultural Sciences, and Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Graduate Group, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611



One of the most important diseases of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in tropical and sub-tropical regions is common bacterial blight (CBB), which is caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (= X. campestris pv. phaseoli). Useful sources of resistance to CBB have been found in the related species P. coccineus Lam. and P. acutifolius A. Gray. Despite the complexity of their inheritance, these resistances have been introgressed into bean breeding lines. ‘XR-235-1-1’ is a Mesoamerican bean breeding line that carries P. coccineus-derived oligogenic resistance to CBB. We have analyzed the linkage relationships between 117 DNA marker loci and CBB resistance genes in a recombinant inbred family obtained between XR-235-1-1 and ‘Calima’, a susceptible Andean genotype. Two genes for resistance to CBB from XR-235-1-1 were detected, one linked to Bng40 in Group A, and the other to Bng139 in Group F. Surprisingly, the effect of two Calima-derived resistance genes, linked to Bng25a and Bng154 in Group J, was also detected. Analysis of several models with these resistances pointed to the most efficient model that explained at least 40% of the variation for resistance to CBB and included the two XR-derived resistances and the Bng154-1inked Calima- derived resistance. Marker assisted selection is proposed for introgression of resistance genes into susceptible backgrounds

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