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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 39 No. 2, p. 338-346
     
    Received: Dec 16, 1997


    * Corresponding author(s): mrush@lsuvm.sncc.lsu.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1999.0011183X003900020006x

Major Gene, Nonallelic Sheath Blight Resistance from the Rice Cultivars Jasmine 85 and Teqing

  1. X. B. Pan,
  2. M. C. Rush ,
  3. X. Y. Sha,
  4. Q. J. Xie,
  5. S. D. Linscombe,
  6. S. R. Stetina and
  7. J. H. Oard
  1. Dep. of Agronomy, Agricultural College of Yangzhou Univ., Jiangsu, China
    Dep. of Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology
    Agronomy Dep.; Louisiana Agric. Exp. Sta., Louisiana State Univ. Agric. Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803
    Rice Res. Sta., Louisiana Agric. Exp. Sta., Louisiana State Univ. Agric. Center, Crowley, LA 70527

Abstract

Abstract

Only partial resistance is available for sheath blight, the second most important disease of rice (Oryza sativa L.) worldwide. This partial resistance has been considered to be polygenic. The partial resistance of the cultivars Jasmine 85 (J-85) and Teqing (TQNG) was studied by evaluating the resistance of F1, F2, F3, F4, and backcross F1 generations of crosses between the resistant parents and the susceptible cultivars Maybelle (MBLE) and Cypress (CPRS). F1 plants from the crosses were resistant. Segregating F2 populations from both crosses showed ratios of 3:1 resistant/susceptible plants. Segregating backcross F1 populations showed a ratio of 1:l resistant/susceptible plants when the F1 was crossed to a susceptible parent and no seregation occurred when the F1, was crossed to a resistant parent. These results were consistent with the partial resistance from the two resistant cultivars being controlled by single dominant genes. When the resistant cultivars were crossed, the segregating F2 population showed a 15:1 resistant/susceptible ratio. The results suggested that the two resistant parents each possessed a nonallelic dominant major resistance gene that segregated independently. Some of the F4 lines from this cross appeared to have both resistance genes and a higher level of resistance than either resistant parent. This suggests that major genes conferring high levels of partial resistance to sheath blight may be incorporated together into lines to give near complete resistance. This makes the identification of major genes for partial resistance to sheath blight critically important to rice breeding programs

Research supported by the Louisiana State Univ. Agric. Center, the Louisiana Rice Research Board, and the Jiangsu Education Committee. Approved for publication by the Director of the Louisiana Agric. Exp. Stn. as Paper no. 97-38-0454.

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