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Crop Science Abstract -

Using a Subsample of the Core Collection to Identify New Sources of Resistance to White Mold in Common Bean


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 39 No. 2, p. 569-573
    Received: Mar 27, 1998

    * Corresponding author(s): pmiklas@tricity.wsu.edu
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  1. Phillip N. Miklas ,
  2. Richard Delorme,
  3. Richard Hannan and
  4. Michael. H. Dickson
  1. U SDA-Western Regional Plant Introduction Station, Johnson Hall, Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA 99164
    D ep. of Horticultural Sciences, New York State Agric. Exp. Stn., Geneva, NY 14456



Few sources of physiological resistance to the fungal pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary, causal organism of white mold disease in common bean (Phaseolus vulgris L.), have been found and exploited by breeders. Our objective was to screen a subsample of the core collection of P. vulgris accessions representing the active USDA National Plant Germplasm System collection of 1698 accessions from Central and South America for reaction to white mold using a greenhouse straw test. White mold reactions were rated for 89 accessions from 1 = no disease symptoms to 9 = total plant collapse. Eleven core accessions, Pis (plant introductions) 152311, 207136, 207154, 290990, 290995, 293353,313850, 415886, 415906, 415913, and 415936, with scores <5 were identified as having putative physiological resistance to white mold. An expanded screening among 35 accessions from the active collection which had similar passport data to the resistant core Pis 207136, 290990, and 313850 revealed 20 resistant accessions with disease scores <5. A similar expanded screening of 18 accessions with similar passport data to core Pis 310674, 313608, and 415954 that had scores >6, revealed only four accessions with scores <5. These results indicated that a subsample of the core collection was useful for identifying ranges of accessions within the active Phaseolus collection that possessed a high incidence of putative physiological resistance to white mold.

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