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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 39 No. 4, p. 1016-1021
     
    Received: June 5, 1998


    * Corresponding author(s): pbaenziger1@unl.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1999.0011183X003900040009x

Genetic Analyses of Agronomic Traits Controlled by Wheat Chromosome 3A

  1. M. M. Shah,
  2. P. S. Baenziger ,
  3. Y. Yen,
  4. K. S. Gill,
  5. B. Moreno-Sevilla and
  6. K. Haliloglu
  1. Dep. of Agronomy, Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames, IA 50011;
    Dep. Agronomy, Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE 68583;
    Dep. of Biology/Microbiology, South Dakota State Univ., Brookings, SD 57006;
    HybriTech Seed International, Boise, ID 83713.

Abstract

Abstract

Previous studies with chromosome substitution lines between hard red winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars Cheyenne (CNN) and Wichita (WI) identified genes on chromosome 3A of WI which affect grain yield, yield components, grain volume weight, plant height, and anthesis date. This study was conducted to determine if the trait variation caused by chromosome 3A could be explained by major or minor gene segregation and if these genes are pleiotropic, linked, or independent on the chromosome. A population of recombinant inbred chromosome lines for chromosome 3A (RICLs-3A), developed between CNN and a chromosome substitution line CNN(WI3A), was evaluated in multi-location field trials in 3 yr. Our results indicate significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) between parental lines and among RICLs for grain yield, 1000-kernel weight, plant height, and anthesis date, but not for kernel number per spike, spike number per square meter, and grain volume weight. A 1:1 genetic ratio for anthesis date suggested the presence of a single segregating locus controlling the trait. None of the other agronomic traits could be separated into unequivocal groups and hence, major genes were not detected. This indicates that the traits were controlled either by several genes or few genes with enough environmental influence, or both, to obscure their effects. Significant correlations and possible crossover products between anthesis date, plant height, and 1000-kernel weight suggest that these traits were controlled either by linked gene(s) or by pleiotropic genes with additional genes affecting one of the traits.

Nebraska Agric. Res. Div., J. Series No. 12258.

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