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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 39 No. 6, p. 1702-1706
     
    Received: Oct 30, 1998


    * Corresponding author(s): brunellms@hal.lamar.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1999.3961702x

Development of Arm Specific RAPD Markers for Rye Chromosome 2R in Wheat

  1. Mark S. Brunell *a,
  2. Adam J. Lukaszewskib and
  3. Richard Whitkusb
  1. a Dep. of Biology, P.O. Box 10037, Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX 77710 USA
    b Dep. of Botany and Plant Sciences, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521 USA

Abstract

Rye (Secale cereale L.) chromosome 2R carries several genes for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, which could be used in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) improvement. To make these genes accessible in breeding, translocations of 2R to wheat chromosome 2B have been generated. To compensate for the lack of clearly identifiable cytological markers on chromosome 2R, random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs) were employed as markers. Wheat lines homozygous for centric translocations 2RS.2BL and 2BS.2RL were screened with 489 primers, resulting in 65 clear and reproducible RAPD polymorphisms. To assign the polymorphisms to individual arms of chromosomes 2R and 2B, the arms of the translocations were separated by centric misdivision and the resulting progeny with desired chromosome constructs were rescreened. As a result, 17 markers were assigned to chromosome arm 2RS, 15 to 2RL, and the remaining 33 most likely located on 2B. Preliminary mapping studies (not shown here) have indicated that some of these markers are evenly distributed along the chromosome arms. These markers should be useful for the localization of translocation breakpoints in recombinant wheat-rye chromosomes.

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Copyright © 1999. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America