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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 39 No. 6, p. 1853-1858
     
    Received: Feb 1, 1999


    * Corresponding author(s): les@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1999.3961853x

Nitrogen Fertilization and Supplementation Effects on Performance of Beef Heifers Grazing Limpograss

  1. G. F. da C. Limaa,
  2. L. E. Sollenberger *b,
  3. W. E. Kunklec,
  4. J. E. Moorec and
  5. A. C. Hammondd
  1. a EMPARN, C.P. 188, 59020-390, Natal, Brazil
    b Agronomy Dep., Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0300 USA
    c Animal Science Dep., Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0910 USA
    d USDA, ARS, 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710 USA

Abstract

Seasonally low N concentrations in ‘Floralta’ limpograss [Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf & C.E. Hubb.] limit intake and weight gain of growing animals. This research evaluated management alternatives for increasing summer weight gains of beef replacement heifers (Bos spp.) on limpograss pastures in Florida. Soils were sandy, siliceous, hyperthermic, aeric (Smyrna series) or ultic (Pomona series) Haplaquods. During 1992 and 1993, a factorial arrangement of two pasture N fertilization rates (50 and 150 kg ha−1) and three diet supplements (NONE, corn [Zea mays L.] plus urea [CU], and CU plus rumen undegradable protein [CUUP]) were studied in two replications of a completely randomized design. Supplementation with CU increased average daily gain (ADG) from 0.06 (NONE) to 0.41 kg on pastures fertilized with 50 kg N ha−1, but there was no ADG response to CU when N rate was 150 kg ha−1 When no supplement was fed, increasing pasture N fertilization from 50 to 150 kg ha−1 increased ADG from 0.06 to 0.36 kg. Grass crude protein (CP; 73 vs. 56 g kg−1) and in vitro organic matter digestion (IVOMD; 542 vs. 509 g kg−1) were greater at the higher N rate. Heifer plasma urea N (PUN) concentration was low (4.2 mg dL−1) when no supplement was fed and pastures received 50 kg N ha−1, suggesting that low CP was limiting ADG. These data indicate that N deficiencies of cattle grazing limpograss can be overcome by increasing rate of pasture N fertilization or by providing N supplements.

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Copyright © 1999. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America