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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 39 No. 6, p. 1887-1889
    Received: June 1, 1998

    * Corresponding author(s): jmartin@oz.oznet.ksu.edu
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Survival of Wheat Curl Mites on Different Sources of Resistance in Wheat

  1. T. L. Harveya,
  2. D. L. Seifersb,
  3. T. J. Martin *b,
  4. G. Brown-Guedirac and
  5. B. S. Gilld
  1. a Dep. of Entomology, Kansas State Univ., Hays, KS 67601 USA
    b KSU Agric. Res. Center, Hays, KS 67601 USA
    c USDA, ARS, Dep. of Agronomy, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS 66506 USA
    d Wheat Genetics Resources Center, Dep. Plant Pathology, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS 66506 USA


Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield is limited by wheat streak mosaic virus which is vectored by the wheat curl mite (WCM) Aceria tosicheilla (Keifer). Host resistance to WCM has reduced losses. This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of resistance in wheat to WCM collected from various locations in the Great Plains. Collections of WCM from Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, Texas, Alberta, Canada, and eight locations in Kansas were compared for their ability to survive and reproduce in the greenhouse on seven lines of wheat and wheat relatives previously identified as resistant. The lines and their sources of resistance were: AC PGR16635 (Aegilops tauschii Coss., Cmc1), PI 525452 (Thinopyrum ponticum (Podp.) Liu and Wang, Cmc2), KS96WGRC40 (Ae. tauschii and Secale cereale L.), TA920 (Triticum timopheevii (Zhuk.) Zhuk spp. armenidcum), PI 475772 (S. cereale), ‘TAM 107’ (S. cereale), PI 222655 (T. aestivum). KS96WGRC40 and TA920 were the only entries that were resistant to all WCM collections. Other sources of resistance were effective against WCMs from some but not all locations. PI 222655 was resistant to WCMs from Nebraska and central Kansas but not to mites from most other locations. WCMs that were virulent to TAM 107 generally were also virulent to PIs 222655 and 475772 but avirulent to Cmc2 The WCMs from western Kansas, where TAM 107 is widely grown, were generally more virulent to that cultivar than WCM from central Kansas where the hectarage of TAM 107 is smaller. WCMs collected at different times or locations may vary in their responses to different sources of resistance; therefore, testing mites for their response to resistance genes advanced in breeding programs may be needed before resistant cultivars are deployed in the field.

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