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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 40 No. 3, p. 824-826
     
    Received: Sept 2, 1999


    * Corresponding author(s): arellip@missouri.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2000.403824x

Soybean Reaction to Races 1 and 2 of Heterodera glycines

  1. Prakash R. Arelli *,
  2. David A. Sleper,
  3. Pin Yue and
  4. John A. Wilcox
  1. Dep. of Agronomy, 117 Curtis Hall, Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211-7020 USA

Abstract

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN, Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) is a serious pest of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in the USA and worldwide. A current classification system has designated 16 different races of SCN populations. In the Southern USA, SCN Races 1 and 2 are becoming more prevalent. It is important to identify soybean accessions with resistance to these races. The objective of this study was to bioassay 32 soybean plant introductions (PIs) for resistance to SCN Races 1 and 2 together with standard host differentials and a susceptible control. The bioassays were performed for each of the two races during 1997 to 1998 in thermoregulated water baths in the greenhouse. The results indicated that 25 PIs had resistance to Race 1 and 24 PIs had resistance to Race 2. PIs which were resistant to Race 1 and either moderately resistant or moderately susceptible to Race 2 included PIs 468915, 494182, 507354, 507422, and 509100. PIs 467327, 468903, and 507471 were resistant to Race 2 and additionally were either moderately susceptible or moderately resistant to Race 1. Soybean PIs that were yellow seeded and had various levels of resistance to both races included PIs 494182, 507354, 507422, and 507471. These are the most desirable sources for development of soybean cultivars with resistance to SCN Races 1 and 2. These soybean lines are being fingerprinted by means of microsatellites to identify unique types to allow broadening the diversity of resistance gene introgression.

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Copyright © 2000. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America