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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 40 No. 4, p. 1062-1070
     
    Received: July 26, 1999


    * Corresponding author(s): lpurcell@comp.uark.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2000.4041062x

Soybean Cultivar Differences in Ureides and the Relationship to Drought Tolerant Nitrogen Fixation and Manganese Nutrition

  1. Larry C. Purcell *,
  2. C. Andy King and
  3. Rosalind A. Ball
  1. Univ.of Arkansas, Dep. of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, 276 Altheimer Drive, Fayetteville, AR 72704 USA

Abstract

Water deficit in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] results in the accumulation of the products of N2 fixation (ureides) in shoots, and this may lead to feedback inhibition of N2 fixation. Manganese is required for ureide degradation in leaves, and it was hypothesized that increased leaf Mn+2 would alleviate ureide accumulation during drought, lessen feedback inhibition, and prolong N2 fixation. In a growth chamber experiment, ureides supplied through roots decreased N2 fixation in well-watered plants, and a soybean cultivar with demonstrated tolerance of N2 fixation to water deficit (Jackson) had a lesser concentration of shoot ureides following exogenous ureide application than a cultivar sensitive to water deficit (KS4895). In a greenhouse experiment, N2 fixation in Jackson under moderate water deficit was not different from the control in the absence or presence of soil-applied Mn+2, whereas N2 fixation in KS4895 was 30% of the control in the absence of soil-applied Mn+2 and 111% of the control in the presence of soil-applied Mn+2 Increased N2 fixation in KS4895 with soil-applied Mn+2 under water deficit was associated with decreased shoot ureide concentration. In field experiments, Jackson consistently had lesser shoot ureide concentrations than did KS4895, and enzymatic degradation of ureides was greater for Jackson on one date than for KS4895. We concluded that ureides inhibit N2 fixation, that genetic variation in the ability to degrade ureides may be important in drought tolerance, and that increased leaf Mn+2 concentration promotes ureide breakdown and prolongs N2 fixation under water deficit.

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