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Crop Science Abstract - CROP BREEDING, GENETICS & CYTOLOGY

Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Two Wild Helianthus annuus L. Accessions and Their Fertility Restoration

 

This article in CS

  1. Vol. 40 No. 6, p. 1535-1538
     
    Received: June 1, 1999


    * Corresponding author(s): janc@fargo.ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2000.4061535x
  1. C.C. Jan *
  1. USDA-ARS, Northern Crop Science Laboratory, PO Box 5677, Fargo, ND 58105 USA

Abstract

Commercial sunflower hybrids have been produced by means of a single male-sterile Helianthus petiolaris Nutt. cytoplasm and a few fertility restoration genes. The objectives of this study were to characterize cytoplasmic male-sterility (cms) systems in wild H. annuus L. accessions (PI 413178 and PI 413180) and to determine the inheritance of fertility restoration. Male-sterile plants were identified and maintained by backcrossing with inbred line HA89. Male-fertile progenies from crosses between cms plants of the two PIs and USDA inbred lines indicated the presence of fertility restoration genes in P21, RMAX1, and PI 413178 for cms PI 413178 (cms-ANN2), and P21, RHA280, RHA801, RPET2, and PI 413180 for cms PI 413180 (cms-ANN3). All heterozygous male-fertile plants of backcross progenies, except for RHA280, crossed to cms plants resulted in a segregation ratio of one male-fertile to one male sterile, indicating a single dominant gene controlling fertility restoration. The backcross progeny of cms PI 413180/HA89//cms PI 413180/RHA280 had a segregation ratio of one male-fertile to three male sterile, suggesting two complementary dominant genes for fertility restoration. Pollinating male-fertile plants of both accessions with HA89 pollen resulted in male-fertile and male-sterile F1 plants, suggesting the existence of male-sterile cytoplasm and heterozygosity for restoration genes in the male-fertile plants. In field tests, male-sterile PI 413178/4*HA89 and PI 413180/4*HA89 plants produced no seed after self-pollination, and 95 and 98% seed set, respectively, under open-pollination indicating complete male-sterility and female fertility. The new cms sources from wild H. annuus and corresponding fertility restoration genes provide diversity for sunflower hybrid production.

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