Interpretation of Genotype × Environment Interaction for Winter Wheat Yield in Ontario
- Weikai Yan * and
- L.A. Hunt
An understanding of the causes of genotype × environment (GE) interaction can help identify traits that contribute to better cultivar performance and environments that facilitate cultivar evaluation. Through subjecting environment-centered yield of a multi-environment trial data to singular value decomposition, the portion of yield variation that is relevant to cultivar evaluation is partitioned into noncrossover and crossover GE interaction, quantified by the first two principal components (PC), respectively. Each PC is a set of genotypic scores multiplied by a set of environmental scores. By relating the PC scores to genotypic and environmental covariates, GE interaction represented by each PC can be interpreted in terms of trait × factor interactions. This strategy was employed in analysis of the 1992 to 1998 Ontario winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) performance trial data. Results indicated that plant height and maturity were the major genotypic causes of GE interaction, whereas cold temperature in the winter and hot temperature in the summer were the major environmental causes of GE interaction. Positive interactions were found between earlier maturity vs. warmer winters or hotter summers, and between shorter plant height vs. warmer winters or cooler summers. In addition, better resistance to septoria leaf blotch (caused by Septoria secalis Prill. & Delacr.) was frequently associated with overall performance. The results of this study should help in determining breeding objectives and for selecting test sites or environments for winter wheat breeding in Ontario.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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