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Stability of QTL for Field Resistance to Blackleg across Two Genetic Backgrounds in Oilseed Rape


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 41 No. 1, p. 197-205
    Received: Feb 14, 2000

    * Corresponding author(s): rdelourm@rennes.inra.fr
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  1. M.L. Pilet,
  2. G. Duplan,
  3. M. Archipiano,
  4. P. Barret,
  5. C. Baron,
  6. R. Horvais,
  7. X. Tanguy,
  8. M.O. Lucas,
  9. M. Renard and
  10. R. Delourme *
  1. UMR INRA-ENSAR, Amélioration des Plantes et Biotechnologies Végétales, BP 35327, 35653 Le Rheu Cedex, France


Blackleg, caused by Leptosphaeria maculans (Desm.) Ces. et de Not., is a major disease of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) worldwide. Molecular markers would be useful tools to assist breeding for blackleg resistance. The objective of this study was (i) to map and characterize quantitative trait loci (QTL) for field blackleg resistance in doubled haploid (DH) and F2:3 populations from the cross `Darmor' (resistant) × `Samourai' (susceptible) and (ii) to compare QTL with those previously identified in the cross `Darmor-bzh' × `Yudal'. A total of 134 DH lines and 185 F2:3 families were genotyped with random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers and assessed for a disease index of resistance in 1998 and/or 1999 in one location. Genetic maps derived from the two populations included a total of 257 and 81 markers, respectively. Up to 30% of these markers were common to the Darmor-bzh × Yudal map previously used. A total of six and four genomic regions were associated with resistance in the DH and F2:3 populations, respectively. They collectively explained 36 to 42% of the variation within each year and population. Three of them were consistent across the two populations derived from Darmor × Samourai cross and expressed dominant or overdominant effects. Four favorable alleles were derived from the susceptible parent. A total of 16 genomic regions were revealed for blackleg resistance in the two crosses Darmor-bzh × Yudal and Darmor × Samourai studied. Four of them were consistent over the two crosses. The inconsistencies observed between populations and crosses can be explained by different genetic backgrounds and disease infestation levels. For marker-assisted selection, these results suggest that QTL mapping must be carried out separately for each population.

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Copyright © 2001. Crop Science Society of AmericaPublished in Crop Sci.41:197–205.