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QTL Conditioning Physiological Resistance and Avoidance to White Mold in Dry Bean


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 41 No. 2, p. 309-315
    Received: Jan 12, 2000

    * Corresponding author(s): pmiklas@tricity.wsu.edu
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  1. Phillip N. Miklas *a,
  2. William C. Johnsonb,
  3. Richard Delormea and
  4. Paul Geptsc
  1. a USDA-ARS, 24106 N. Bunn Rd., Prosser, WA 99350
    b USDA-ARS, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456
    c Dep. of Agronomy and Range Science, University of California, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8515


Physiological resistance is an important component of integrated strategies used to control white mold [caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary], a major disease of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in North America. Information pertaining to inheritance of physiological resistance, as detected by the greenhouse straw test, and its relationship with field resistance is lacking. The objectives of this study were to compare physiological resistance as detected by two separate straw tests with field resistance, evaluate heritability of physiological resistance, and to characterize the disease reaction of G 122 by quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis. This was done in a recombinant inbred population (A 55/G 122) consisting of 67 F8-derived lines. The greenhouse tests with five and six replications, respectively, and the field test with three replications were conducted in randomized complete block designs. Moderate heritability for disease reaction (scored from 1 = no symptoms to 9 = severe disease) was observed across the straw tests (0.65) and in the field (0.78). Inheritance of disease reaction was further investigated with a framework linkage map composed of 74 markers. Interval mapping detected a QTL on linkage group B7 near the phaseolin seed protein (Phs) locus that explained 38% of the phenotypic variation for disease score across the straw tests. The same B7 QTL (26%), and an additional QTL (18%) on B1 near the fin gene for determinate growth habit, conditioned field resistance. A QTL (34%) for canopy porosity, a measure of potential disease avoidance, also mapped to the fin locus. Results confirmed that physiological resistance as detected by the straw test was an integral component of field resistance, and that both physiological and avoidance mechanisms contributed to field resistance in the A 55/G 122 population. The landrace G 122 clearly provides breeders with a heritable source of physiological resistance to combat white mold disease.

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Copyright © 2001. Crop Science Society of AmericaPublished in Crop Sci.41:309–315.