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Inheritance and Interaction of Low Palmitic and Low Linolenic Soybean


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 42 No. 1, p. 31-36
    Received: Oct 11, 2000

    * Corresponding author(s): irajcan@uoguelph.ca
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  1. Valerio S. Primomoa,
  2. Duane E. Falka,
  3. Gary R. Ablettb,
  4. Jack W. Tannera and
  5. Istvan Rajcan *a
  1. a Dep. of Plant Agriculture, Crop Science Division, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1 Canada
    b Ridgetown College, Univ. of Guelph, Ridgetown, ON, N0P 2C0 Canada


Decreasing the palmitic and linolenic acid content of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] oil would help improve its nutritional quality and oxidative stability. The altered fatty acid profile in soybean germplasm lines with decreased levels of palmitic and linolenic acid have been developed at the University of Guelph, Canada, by combining different mutant alleles through hybridization. The objectives of this study were to determine the inheritance and interaction of palmitic and linolenic acid levels in RG3 and RG1, and the effects of these altered fatty acid levels on other fatty acids. RG3 and RG1 (low palmitic ≈45 g kg−1 and linolenic ≈40 g kg−1) were crossed reciprocally to several soybean lines with altered or normal fatty acid profiles. Analysis of the reciprocal F2 generations indicated no maternal or cytoplasmic effects for palmitic or linolenic acid content. Chi-square analyses of the F2 generation demonstrated that RG3 and RG1 contained two alleles, fap1 and fapx, that controlled palmitic acid content. In addition, RG1 had a third allele, fan, which reduced its linolenic acid content. Calculation of gene substitution values indicated additive gene action at the fap1 and fan loci, whereas the fapx locus involved partial dominance. Correlation coefficients indicated no association between palmitic and linolenic acid. Decreases in palmitic and linolenic acid content were associated primarily with increases in linoleic acid content. Since fap1, fapx, and fan were inherited independently of each other and appeared to behave in an additive manner, RG3 and RG1 can be used in breeding programs as additional valuable sources of germplasm with altered fatty acid profiles.

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Copyright © 2002. Crop Science Society of AmericaPublished in Crop Sci.42:31–36.