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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 43 No. 4, p. 1358-1366
     
    Received: Apr 22, 2002


    * Corresponding author(s): angadis@em.agr.ca
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2003.1358

Yield Adjustment by Canola Grown at Different Plant Populations under Semiarid Conditions

  1. S. V. Angadi *,
  2. H. W. Cutforth,
  3. B. G. McConkey and
  4. Y. Gan
  1. Semiarid Prairie Agricultural Research Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Swift Current, SK S9H 3X2, Canada

Abstract

Establishing a good canola (rapeseed; Brassica napus L.) stand is difficult in the semiarid prairie region of Canada where low temperature, water stress, and soil crusting could result in poor seed bed conditions. A field study was conducted from 1999 to 2001 at Swift Current, SK, Canada, to determine the effect of a range of uniform (5 to 80 plants m−2) and nonuniform (seedlings from 1-m lengths from two adjoining rows were removed and retained alternatively; 10 to 40 plants m−2) plant populations on yield and yield components of canola. Canola adjusted seed yield across a wide range of plant populations, although it did not compensate completely for the decreasing populations. Environmental conditions played a significant role in the expression of plasticity of canola. For example, in 2000, with slightly above-normal growing season precipitation, canola maintained similar yield levels across a wide range of populations (20 to 80 plants m−2), while in 2001, with well below normal precipitation, seed yield declined as populations dropped below 40 plants m−2 Reducing plant population by half from 80 to 40 plants m−2 did not reduce seed yield when the reduced plant population was uniformly distributed, but reduced yield when the population was nonuniformly distributed. The primary response of canola to lower plant population was increased pods per plant through increased branching and increased pod retention at each node. The number of pods formed on primary and secondary branches increased as population decreased. Seeds per pod and seed weight were stable across populations.

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Copyright © 2003. Crop Science Society of AmericaPublished in Crop Sci.43:1358–1366.