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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 43 No. 4, p. 1558-1560
    Received: Sept 27, 2002

    * Corresponding author(s): berna022@umn.edu
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On the effectiveness of early generation selection in self-pollinated crops

  1. Rex Bernardo *
  1. Dep. of Agronomy and Plant Genetics, Univ. of Minnesota, 411 Borlaug Hall, 1991 Buford Circle, St. Paul, MN 55108


Breeders of self-pollinated crops often discard inferior lines at an early selfing generation so that more resources can be devoted to the further testing and selection of the more promising lines. Empirical studies have led to contradictory estimates of the correlation between the performance of lines at early and late selfing generations. Here I examine the theoretical effectiveness of early generation selection. When dominance is absent, the genetic correlation (r G) between the performance of an Ft–derived Fg line (i.e., Ft:g) and a descendant homozygous line is equal to the square root of [1 + F (t)]/2, where F (t) is the inbreeding coefficient at generation t Dominance, when present, has little effect on r G The minimum value of r G is high; that is, 0.707 for an F2–derived line. From a genetic standpoint, early generation selection is expected to be effective, but in practice it becomes ineffective if nongenetic effects are large.

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Copyright © 2003. Crop Science Society of AmericaPublished in Crop Sci.43:1558–1560.