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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 44 No. 1, p. 98-106
     
    Received: Mar 10, 2003


    * Corresponding author(s): ghartman@uiuc.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2004.9800

Resistance to the Soybean Aphid in Soybean Germplasm

  1. Curtis B. Hilla,
  2. Yan Lia and
  3. Glen L. Hartman *b
  1. a Dep. of Crop Sci
    b USDA-ARS and Dep. of Crop Sci., Univ. of Illinois, 1101 West Peabody Dr., Urbana, IL 61801

Abstract

With an efficient greenhouse screening method, the first resistance to the soybean aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura) was found in cultivated soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] germplasm. No resistance was found in 1425 current North American soybean cultivars, 106 Maturity Group (MG) 000 through VII Asian cultivars, and in a set of 11 ‘Clark’ isolines possessing different pubescence traits. Dense pubescence did not provide protection against the soybean aphid. Resistance was discovered and established in three ancestors of North American genotypes: ‘Dowling’, ‘Jackson’, and PI 71506. Expression of resistance in those genotypes was characterized in choice and nonchoice tests. In choice tests, significantly fewer aphids occurred on Dowling, Jackson, and PI 71506 plants compared with susceptible cultivars (P = 0.05). Aphid populations did not develop on Dowling and Jackson in nonchoice tests, indicating that there was a negative impact on aphid fecundity on those cultivars. That evidence combined with observations of aphid mortality on those cultivars suggested that antibiosis-type resistance contributed to the expression of resistance. Possible donors of resistance to Dowling and Jackson were identified. In nonchoice tests, population development on PI 71506 was not significantly different from development on susceptible cultivars, indicating that antixenosis was more important in that genotype. Resistance was expressed in all plant stages. Dowling provided season-long protection against aphids equal to the use of the systemic insecticide imidacloprid {1-[(6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl]-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine} in a field test. Four other germplasm accessions, ‘Sugao Zarai’, ‘Sato’, ‘T260H’, and PI 230977, had levels of resistance not significantly different from Dowling, Jackson, and PI 71506 in a choice test (P = 0.05).

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