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Construction and Characterization of a BAC Library of a Cold-Tolerant Hexaploid Wheat Cultivar


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 45 No. 4, p. 1571-1577
    Received: Sept 14, 2004

    * Corresponding author(s): ravi.chibbar@usask.ca
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  1. Indira Ratnayaka,
  2. Monica Båga,
  3. D. Brian Fowler and
  4. Ravindra N. Chibbar *
  1. Dep. of Plant Sciences, Univ. of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A8, Canada


A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was constructed from DNA of a commercially grown winter wheat cultivar (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Norstar) that is highly tolerant to low temperatures (LT50 = −24°C). The library was produced from nuclear leaf DNA that was partially digested with HindIII and inserted into pCC1BAC vector. In excess of 1.2 × 106 clones propagated in E. coli were obtained, archived in 384-well microtitre plates and stored at −80°C. More than 97.1% of the recombinant plasmids contained inserts and were free from organelle DNA contamination. Analysis of 119 randomly isolated clones revealed insert sizes ranging from 17 to 262 kb with 26% of the inserts exceeding 100 kb. The average insert size was 75 kb and the genome coverage of the library was theoretically 5.5 times the haploid genome equivalent. This corresponds to a 99.6% probability of recovering any specific Norstar DNA sequence from the library. Screening of the library with nine simple sequence repeat (SSR) locus-specific markers supported a >4.4-fold genome coverage. The BAC library was gridded onto high-density filters and will be used for isolation of genetic loci associated with cold-tolerance and grain quality traits.

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Copyright © 2005. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America