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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 1, p. 192-201
    Received: Apr 28, 2005

    * Corresponding author(s): piepho@uni-hohenheim.de
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Selection in Cultivar Trials—Is It Ignorable?

  1. Hans-Peter Piepho * and
  2. Jens Möhring
  1. Bioinformatics Unit, Institut für Pflanzenbau und Grünland, Universität Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany


Crop cultivar registration requires multienvironment trials for assessing the value for cultivation and use (VCU). The series of trials usually extends across 3 yr, with some cultivars being discarded each year. Selection gives rise to a missing-data or drop-out pattern that is not completely random. The present paper studies the effect of drop-out on the validity of mixed model procedures such as REML and BLUP. It is shown on the basis of the pertinent statistical theory and simulations that selection is ignorable providing that all data used in the selection process are included in the analysis. Simulations show that REML is preferable to ML and BLUP is preferable to BLUE. It is suggested that cultivar registration authorities can benefit from multivariate mixed model analyses comprising all traits on which selection is based.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America