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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 1, p. 448-455
     
    Received: Apr 5, 2005


    * Corresponding author(s): ckimbeng@agctr.lsu.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2005.0274

Target Region Amplification Polymorphism (TRAP) for Assessing Genetic Diversity in Sugarcane Germplasm Collections

  1. S. Alwalaa,
  2. A. Sumana,
  3. J. A. Arroa,
  4. J. C. Veremisb and
  5. C. A. Kimbeng *a
  1. a Dep. of Agronomy and Environmental Management, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803
    b USDA-ARS, SRRC, Sugarcane Research Unit, 5883 USDA Road, Houma, LA 70360

Abstract

Target region amplification polymorphism (TRAP) is a fairly new PCR-based molecular marker technique which uses gene-based information for primer design. The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of TRAP markers for assessing genetic diversity and interrelationships in sugarcane germplasm collections. Thirty genotypes from the genera Saccharum, Miscanthus, and Erianthus were used in the study. Among the genus Saccharum were the species, S officinarum L., S. barberi Jesw., S. sinense Roxb, S. spontaneum L, S. robustum Brandes and Jeswiet ex Grassl, cultivars, cultivar-derived mutants and interspecific hybrids between S. officinarum and S. spontaneum Six fixed primers, designed from sucrose- and cold tolerance-related EST (expressed sequence tags) sequences, paired with three arbitrary primers, were used to characterize the germplasm. Both the cluster and principal coordinate (PCoA) analyses placed the Erianthus spp. and Miscanthus spp. genotypes distinctly from each other and from the Saccharum species, thus, supporting their taxonomic classification as separate genera. Genotypes of the low sucrose and cold tolerant species, S. spontaneum, formed one distinct group, while the rest of the Saccharum species formed one interrelated cluster with no distinct subgroups. Sequence analysis of TRAP bands derived from a S. spontaneum genotype revealed homology with known gene sequences from other grass species including Sorghum A BLASTn search using the homologous sequences from Sorghum matched with the S. officinarum GenBank accession from which the fixed TRAP primer was designed. These results ratify TRAP as a potentially useful marker technique for genetic diversity studies in sugarcane.

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