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Crop Science Abstract - CROP BREEDING & GENETICS

Genetic Effects of Thirteen Gossypium barbadense L. Chromosome Substitution Lines in Topcrosses with Upland Cotton Cultivars: I. Yield and Yield Components


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 3, p. 1169-1178
    Received: Aug 22, 2005

    * Corresponding author(s): jnjenkins@ars.usda.gov
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  1. Johnie N. Jenkins *a,
  2. Jixiang Wub,
  3. Jack C. McCartya,
  4. Sukumar Sahaa,
  5. Osman Gutiérreza,
  6. Russell Hayesa and
  7. David M. Stellyc
  1. a Crop Science Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Mississippi State, MS 39762
    b Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762
    c Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2474


Gossypium barbadense L. line 3–79 is lower in yield, has smaller bolls and longer, finer, and stronger fibers than upland cotton G. hirsutum L. Thirteen chromosome substitution (CS-B) lines with individual 3–79 chromosomes or arms substituted into TM-1, G. hirsutum, were top crossed with five elite cultivars and additive and dominance effects for the yield components, lint percentage, boll weight, seed cotton yield, and lint yield, were measured over four environments. Additive effects were greater than dominance effects for all traits. CS-B lines had smaller additive and homozygous dominance effects than the cultivars for most traits. Many CS-B lines had negative additive effects; however, chromosome substituted arms 22sh and 22Lo showed additive effects for lint yield that were significantly greater than homologous chromosome arms in TM-1. Hybrids of DP90 × CS-B15sh, ST 474 × CS-B17, and FM 966 × CS-B02 had positive dominance effects for lint yield significantly greater than the homologous chromosomes in TM-1. Several chromosomes or arms were associated with significant negative additive or dominance effects. These data provide a valuable baseline on yield components for the utility of these CS-B lines in commercial breeding programs. When individual chromosomes or chromosome arms, via CS-B lines, are used in crosses with cultivars, alleles for yield components on specific G. barbadense chromosomes were uncovered that showed positive interactions with alleles in elite germplasm.

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