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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 3, p. 1286-1290
     
    Received: July 29, 2005


    * Corresponding author(s): wfehr@iastate.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2005.07-0227

Tocopherol Content and Agronomic Performance of Soybean Lines with Reduced Palmitate

  1. Curtis W. Scherdera,
  2. Walter R. Fehr *a,
  3. Grace A. Welkea and
  4. Tong Wangb
  1. a Dep. of Agronomy
    b Dep. of Food Sciences and Human Nutrition, Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011-1010

Abstract

Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] cultivars have been developed with reduced palmitate content that is controlled by the fap1 and fap3 alleles. One objective of our study was to compare the tocopherol content of reduced and normal palmitate lines with similar genetic backgrounds. A second objective was to compare the agronomic and seed traits of the two types of lines. Three single-cross populations segregating for palmitate content were developed from which 20 reduced and normal palmitate lines were selected for evaluation at three environments during 2004. The mean total tocopherol of the reduced palmitate lines was 15% greater than the normal palmitate lines, and the line with the greatest total tocopherol in each population contained reduced palmitate. The mean seed yield of the reduced palmitate lines was 5.5% lower than the normal palmitate lines. There were significant differences between the two types of lines for other agronomic and seed traits; however, the significant genetic variation among lines of each type would permit the selection of reduced palmitate lines that were similar to normal palmitate lines for those traits. Use of the reduced palmitate trait would be advantageous to maximize the tocopherol content of soybean oil.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America