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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 5, p. 2171-2178
     
    Received: Feb 11, 2006
    Published: Sept, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): gan@agr.gc.ca
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2006.02.0092

Response of Chickpea Yield to High Temperature Stress during Reproductive Development

  1. J. Wanga,
  2. Y. T. Gan *b,
  3. F. Clarkeb and
  4. C. L. McDonaldb
  1. a Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, 46 Jianguo Rd., Urumqi, 830002, P.R. China
    b Semiarid Prairie Agric. Res. Centre, Agric. and Agri-Food Canada, Swift Current, SK, S9H 3X2, Canada

Abstract

Minimizing the exposure of an annual crop to abiotic stresses may increase seed yield. A study was conducted to determine the effect of high temperature stress during reproductive development on pod fertility, seed set, and seed yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L). ‘Myles’ desi and ‘Xena’ kabuli chickpea were grown in a controlled environment under 20/16°C day/night air temperatures (control). High (35/16°C) and moderate (28/16°C) temperature stresses were imposed for 10 d during early flowering and pod development. Compared to the control, the early flower high temperature stress decreased (P < 0.01) pod production by 34% for Myles and 22% for Xena, whereas high temperature stress during pod development decreased (P < 0.05) seeds per plant by 33% for Myles and 39% for Xena. Consequently, the high temperature stress during pod development decreased (P < 0.01) seed yield by 59% for Myles and 53% for Xena. Yield reduction was greater due to the stress during pod development compared to the stress during early flowering. Plants recovered to a greater degree from the early flower stress compared to the pod development stress. The Myles desi produced 40 seeds per plant and the Xena kabuli produced 15 seeds per plant, whereas the Myles had smaller individual seed size than the Xena. Consequently, the Myles desi produced 26% greater seed yield than the Xena kabuli under the same conditions. Minimizing the exposure of chickpea to high temperature stress during pod development will increase pod fertility, seed set, and seed yield of the crop.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America