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Crop Science Abstract - TURFGRASS SCIENCE

Volatile Compounds of Tufted Hairgrass


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 6, p. 2575-2580
    Received: Feb 13, 2006

    * Corresponding author(s): ewatkins@umn.edu
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  1. Eric Watkins *a,
  2. Thomas J. Gianfagnab,
  3. Rongqi Sunc and
  4. William A. Meyerb
  1. a Dep. of Horticultural Science, Univ. of Minnesota, 305 Alderman Hall, 1970 Folwell Ave., St. Paul, MN 55108
    b Dep. of Plant Biology and Pathology, Rutgers Univ., 59 Dudley Rd., New Brunswick, NJ 08901
    c Enanta Pharmaceuticals Inc., 500 Arsenal St., Watertown, MA 02472


The primary limitation of tufted hairgrass [Deschampsia cespitosa (L.) P. Beauv.] as a turfgrass appears to be damage caused by billbug (Sphenophorus spp.) herbivory. In this study several sets of germplasm were used in volatile collection studies. Whole-plant volatile collections were made on: i) untreated plants, ii) plants that had been treated with jasmonic acid (JA), and iii) plants that had experienced mechanical damage. In untreated plants, intraspecific differences were found for the amount of hexenyl acetate that was released; this compound has been shown to be involved in important plant volatile-insect interactions. Application of JA resulted in a dramatic increase in the production of monoterpenes, which are known to attract predators of insect pests. (Z)- β-ocimene comprised nearly 9% of the total volatile profile after JA treatment, but was not detected in untreated plants. Mechanical damage of tufted hairgrass plants led to an increased release of characteristic green leaf volatiles such as 3-hexen-1-ol as well as hexenyl acetate. Mechanical damage changed the components of the volatile profile, but the results were quite different from JA treatment. It would be of interest to determine if the selection of tufted hairgrass germplasm that produces high and sustained levels of monoterpenes, in response to JA, would attract sufficient insect predators to make this an effective breeding strategy for insect resistance.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America