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Crop Science Abstract - CROP BREEDING & GENETICS

Genetic Variation for Yield and Fiber Quality Response to Supplemental Irrigation within the Pee Dee Upland Cotton Germplasm Collection

 

This article in CS

  1. Vol. 47 No. 2, p. 591-597
     
    Received: June 26, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): todd.campbell@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2006.06.0424
  1. B. T. Campbell * and
  2. P. J. Bauer
  1. USDA-ARS, Coastal Plains Soil, Water, and Plant Research Center, 2611 W. Lucas St., Florence, SC 29501

Abstract

Water availability is a major factor influencing cotton cultivar performance and sustainable cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production in the southeastern USA. An increased understanding of the response of diverse cotton germplasm lines to supplemental irrigation could aid in future efforts to develop cultivars targeted to irrigated or dryland environments. In this study, 13 germplasm lines were selected from the Pee Dee (PD) germplasm collection and evaluated to measure the effect of supplemental irrigation on a number of agronomic and fiber quality traits important to cotton production systems. Most PD germplasm lines receiving supplemental irrigation had increased plant height and lint percent, while boll weight, seed index, fiber length, fiber strength, uniformity index, and micronaire decreased. Cultivars PD-2 and FM-966 did not show a significant response to supplemental irrigation for any of the traits measured. In contrast, PD5377 and PD93009 showed differential responses to supplemental irrigation for 5 out of the 12 traits measured. This study shows the importance of comparing individual genotype response to supplemental irrigation for agronomic and fiber quality traits to efficiently target genotypes for irrigated or dryland environments.

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