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Impacts of Crop Production Factors on Fusarium Head Blight in Barley in Eastern Saskatchewan


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 47 No. 4, p. 1574-1584
    Received: Sept 21, 2006

    * Corresponding author(s): fernandezm@agr.gc.ca
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  1. M. R. Fernandez *a,
  2. R. P. Zentnera,
  3. R. M. DePauwa,
  4. D. Gehlb and
  5. F. C. Stevensonc
  1. a Semiarid Prairie Agricultural Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, P.O. Box 1030, Swift Current, SK, Canada S9H 3X2
    b Indian Head Research Farm, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, P.O. Box 760, Indian Head, SK, Canada S0G 2K0
    c 142 Rogers Rd., Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 3T6


Fusarium head blight (FHB) in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is well established in the eastern Canadian Prairies and appears to be moving westward. A survey of 192 barley crops in eastern Saskatchewan was conducted to determine the impact of agronomic practices on FHB (1999–2002) and Fusarium-damaged kernels (FDK) (2000–2001). The most common species isolated from spikes and kernels were F. sporotrichioides, F. avenaceum, and F. graminearum, followed by F. poae and F. culmorum Disease tended to be higher under minimum-till compared with conventional- or zero-till. Fusarium sporotrichioides was favored by a previous cereal crop, whereas F. avenaceum was higher after a pulse crop, and F. graminearum decreased after a pulse but not an oilseed crop. The latter two pathogens were also more prevalent after diversified cropping sequences than after two cereal crops. Summer fallow, or summer fallow alternated with cereals, decreased FDK. Previous glyphosate (Group 9 herbicides) use was associated with increased infection by all Fusarium spp., whereas Group 1 herbicides were associated with increased infection by F. poae and F. sporotrichioides Effects of both herbicide groups depended on tillage system. Number of previous glyphosate applications was also correlated with FHB caused by F. avenaceum and F. graminearum We concluded that in eastern Saskatchewan, barley grown under minimum-till where glyphosate had been sprayed and following diversified cropping sequences would sustain the greatest damage due to FHB and FDK caused by F. avenaceum and F. graminearum

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