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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 47 No. 5, p. 1787-1796
     
    Received: Feb 21, 2007


    * Corresponding author(s): gallais@moulon.inra.fr
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2007.02.0096

Genetic Variation for Nitrogen Remobilization and Postsilking Nitrogen Uptake in Maize Recombinant Inbred Lines: Heritabilities and Correlations among Traits

  1. M. Coqueb and
  2. A. Gallais *a
  1. b Syngenta Seeds, 12 Chemin de L'Hobit, BP 27, 31790 Saint-Sauveur, France
    a Station de Génétique Végétale, INRA-UPS-INAPG-CNRS, Ferme du Moulon, 91190 Gif/Yvette, France

Abstract

In maize (Zea mays L.), grain protein yield is the result of two nitrogen fluxes: N remobilization from stover to the kernels and N allocation to kernels from postsilking N uptake. Nitrogen-15 labeling was used to study these two fluxes. Genetic variation for N remobilization and postsilking N uptake was studied in testcrosses derived from a population of recombinant inbred lines. On average, from a 2-yr experiment, 28.3% of whole-plant N was taken up after silking, and 93% of this postsilking N uptake was allocated to kernels. Nitrogen remobilization represented around 61% of total grain N. However, there was greater variation for postsilking N uptake than for N remobilization. Consequently, N grain yield was more highly correlated with the amount of postsilking N uptake than with the amount of N remobilization. The amount of N remobilization was significantly correlated with both the whole-plant N amount present at silking and the proportion of N remobilized, whereas N from N uptake within kernels was only correlated to the postsilking N uptake. Variation for the proportion of postsilking N uptake allocated to kernels was low in comparison to that of postsilking N uptake. There was a negative correlation between the amount of N remobilization and the amount of postsilking N uptake, which appears to have a physiological basis. Finally, use of 15N labeling provided a better description of variation for N accumulation in kernels than the classical balance method.

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Copyright © 2007. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America