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Relationship of First Hollow Stem and Heading in Winter Wheat


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 47 No. 5, p. 2074-2077
    Received: Jan 30, 2007

    * Corresponding author(s): jeff.edwards@okstate.edu
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  1. Jeffrey T. Edwards *a,
  2. Brett F. Carvera and
  3. Mark E. Paytonb
  1. a Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, Oklahoma State Univ., 368 Agricultural Hall, Stillwater, OK 74078
    b Dep. of Statistics, Oklahoma State Univ., 301 Mathematical Sciences Bldg., Stillwater, OK 74078


The majority of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in the southern Great Plains is produced as a dual-purpose crop enterprise. Profitability of the system is highly dependent on removal of cattle (Bos taurus L.) from wheat pastures at the first-hollow-stem stage of growth. A previous survey implied that earliness of first hollow stem and earliness of heading are independent traits, which would allow a grower to select a cultivar with late first hollow stem without sacrificing early maturity. We evaluated first hollow stem and heading records for 52 hard winter wheat lines (49 commercially available winter wheat cultivars and three advanced experimental lines) during a 7-yr period at Stillwater, OK. Our analysis shows a positive, linear relationship between the occurrence of first hollow stem and heading in wheat when these phenological events were expressed as a function of cumulative thermal units after 1 January. When expressed in terms of calendar date, however, intervals between the earliest and latest cultivars for the first-hollow-stem stage were much greater than those for heading date. Overall, our analysis indicates that among commercially available cultivars and advanced experimental lines, choosing a cultivar with later occurrence of first hollow stem will also result in later heading in the same given environment.

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Copyright © 2007. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America