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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 47 No. 5, p. 2138-2144
    Received: Apr 21, 2006

    * Corresponding author(s): haibol@clemson.edu
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Trinexapac-Ethyl Application Regimens Influence Growth, Quality, and Performance of Bermuda Grass and Creeping Bentgrass Putting Greens

  1. Patrick E. McCullougha,
  2. Haibo Liu *b,
  3. Lambert B. McCartyb and
  4. Joe E. Tolerc
  1. a Dep. of Plant Biology and Pathology, Rutgers, The State Univ. of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8520
    b Dep. of Horticulture, Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC 29634-0319
    c Dep. of Applied Economics and Statistics, Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC 29634-0319


Dwarf bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon × C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy) and creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) are planted for golf greens in the U.S. transition zone, but management regimes, such as the use of a plant growth regulator (PGR), often vary for long-term culture of the two species. The objective of this experiment was to investigate application regimens of the PGR trinexapac-ethyl (TE), on growth, quality, and performance of creeping bentgrass and bermudagrass putting greens in Clemson, SC. ‘L-93’ creeping bentgrass and ‘TifEagle’ bermudagrass putting greens, established in summer 2002 and mowed at 3.2 mm, received TE over 12 wk in three regimens: 0.017 kg ha−1 wk−1, 0.033 kg ha−1 2 wk−1 (biweekly), or 0.05 kg ha−1 3 wk−1 (triweekly) from May to August 2003 and 2004. Creeping bentgrass was not discolored from TE, but unacceptable bermudagrass discoloration (>20%) occurred on one, two, and six dates for weekly, biweekly, and triweekly regimens, respectively. All TE regimens reduced bermudagrass clippings approximately 50% from nontreated bermudagrass across all dates, while creeping bentgrass clipping reductions, approximately 20 to 35% from nontreated grass, were inconsistent. The root masses of both species treated with TE regimens were similar to nontreated turf. Bermudagrass aerification recovery was reduced on two, two, and four dates after weekly, biweekly, and triweekly TE regimens, respectively. All TE regimens increased morning and evening bermudagrass golf ball roll distance approximately 25 cm from morning distances of nontreated turf.

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