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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 51 No. 2, p. 470-478
    Received: July 19, 2010

    * Corresponding author(s): piepho@uni-hohenheim.de
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REML-Based Diallel Analysis

  1. J. Möhringa,
  2. A. E. Melchingerb and
  3. H. P. Piepho *a
  1. a Institute of Crop Science, Bioinformatics Unit, Universität Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
    b Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science and Population Genetics, Universität Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany


Diallel analyses can give different results depending on the model and the experimental design. A unified framework to fit and compare different models by mixed-model packages is lacking. We, therefore, present a general diallel model and the required additional restrictions for the genetic variance–covariance structure to become equivalent to other commonly used diallel models. We discuss the definitions and requirements of the commonly used models compared with the general model and provide an analysis for three real datasets. If the assumptions regarding the genetic variance–covariance structure are not fulfilled, biased variance-component estimates for general and specific combining ability effects are obtained when using random genetic effects. We implemented a general diallel model in the statistical software packages SAS and ASReml and give detailed program codes. If no a priori information about the genetic model for genotypes is available, the general model can be used to analyze all diallel designs easily with standard statistical software.

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