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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 51 No. 4, p. 1414-1423
     
    Received: Feb 14, 2011


    * Corresponding author(s): morri362@msu.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2011.01.0032

Constraints on Asparagus Production: The Association of Ophiomyia simplex (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and Fusarium spp.

  1. William R. Morrison *a,
  2. Julianna K. Tuella,
  3. Mary K. Hausbeckb and
  4. Zsofia Szendreia
  1. a Dep. of Entomology, Michigan State Univ., 243 Natural Science, East Lansing, MI 48824-1311
    b Dep. of Plant Pathology, Michigan State Univ., 107 Center for Integrated Plant Systems, East Lansing, MI 48824-1115

Abstract

Production of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) is globally constrained by the “early decline” syndrome. The primary causal agents of early decline include Fusarium proliferatum (Matsushima) Nirenberg, F. oxysporum Wollenw. f. sp. asparagi S.I. Cohen, and F. subglutinans Wollenw. & Reinking. These pathogens together contribute to Fusarium crown and root rot (FCRR). Damage to asparagus stems, especially by the asparagus miner (Ophiomyia simplex Loew [Diptera: Agromyzidae]), has been associated with and shown to exacerbate FCRR. This review synthesizes the current information on this tripartite interaction, describes management strategies and their efficacy, and highlights needed research. Opportunities for future control of the asparagus miner and associated FCRR are presented. Research areas of interest include investigating the role of semiochemicals in the asparagus miner–Fusarium spp. interaction, identifying effective biological controls for the asparagus miner, and determining source populations of asparagus miner in new asparagus plantings.

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Copyright © 2011. Copyright © by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.