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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 51 No. 5, p. 2165-2173
     
    Received: Jan 6, 2011


    * Corresponding author(s): David.Dierig@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2011.01.0007

The Relationship of Temperature to Plant Morphology of Lesquerella

  1. David A. Dierig *a and
  2. Steven J. Crafts-Brandnerb
  1. a D.A. Dierig, formerly USDA-ARS, U.S. Arid Land Agricultural Research Center, 21881 N. Cardon Ln., Maricopa, AZ 85239. Current address: USDA-ARS, National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation, 1111 S. Mason St., Fort Collins, CO 80521
    b S.J. Crafts-Brandner, formerly USDA-ARS, U.S. Arid Land Agricultural Research Center. Current address: BASF Plant Science LLC, 26 Davis Dr., Research Triangle Park, NC 27709

Abstract

There is a lack of information regarding the impact of temperature on yield-related traits for lesquerella [Physaria fendleri (Gray)], a new crop with potential as a biofuel or bioproduct because of the high content of seed hydroxyl fatty acids. Here we determined the effect of four temperature regimes on plant branching, dry matter production, and reproductive growth in two controlled-environment experiments. The night/day temperature treatments were (1) 4.4/12.8°C, (2) 12.8/21.1°C, (3) 21.1/29.4°C, and (4) 29.4/37.8°C. Plant branch number, biomass, and reproductive development were greatly suppressed by the coolest and warmest temperature treatments. Biomass and branch production were similar for Treatments 2 and 3, but reproductive development and was increased in Treatment 2. Treatment 2 led to more branches with reproductive structures and more buds and flowers than Treatment 3. Plants moved from the coolest treatment (1) to Treatment 2 temperature at 45 days after planting exhibited accelerated branching and production of dry matter, buds, and flowers, whereas transfer from Treatment 1 to Treatment 3 led to enhanced silique production. These results suggest that moving from a cold to a warmer temperature enhanced both biomass production and reproductive development. In addition to documenting the temperature impact on growth and reproductive development of lesquerella, the results provide evidence pertinent to defining growing regions suitable for cultivation of this new crop.

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Copyright © 2011. Copyright © by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.