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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 52 No. 2, p. 690-699
    Received: July 26, 2011

    * Corresponding author(s): todd.campbell@ars.usda.gov


Dissecting Genotype × Environment Interactions and Trait Correlations Present in the Pee Dee Cotton Germplasm Collection following Seventy Years of Plant Breeding

  1. B. T. Campbell *a,
  2. P. W. Cheeb,
  3. E. Lubbersb,
  4. D. T. Bowmanc,
  5. W. R. Meredithd,
  6. J. Johnsone,
  7. D. Fraserf,
  8. W. Bridgesg and
  9. D. C. Jonesh
  1. a USDA-ARS Coastal Plains Soil, Water, and Plant Research Center, 2611 W. Lucas St., Florence, SC 29501
    b Univ. of Georgia, Molecular Cotton Breeding Lab., Tifton, GA 31794
    c North Carolina State Univ., Dep. of Crop Science, Box 7620, Raleigh, NC 27695
    d USDA-ARS, 141 Experiment Station Rd., Stoneville, MS 38776
    e Dow Agrosciences, 3790 Old Hwy. 61, Leland, MS 38756
    f Monsanto Company, 721 Coker Farm Rd., Hartsville, SC 29550
    g Clemson Univ., Dep. of Applied Economics and Statistics, Clemson, SC 29634
    h Cotton Incorporated, 6399 Weston Pkwy., Cary, NC 27513


Genotype × environment (G × E) interactions and trait correlations significantly impact efforts to develop high-yield, high-quality, and environmentally stable Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivars. Knowledge of both can and should be used to design optimal breeding programs and effective selection criteria. In this study, we examined the G × E interactions and trait correlations present in the 70-yr Pee Dee cotton germplasm enhancement program. Since beginning in 1935, the Pee Dee program has employed a variety of unique germplasm and breeding methods to release >80 improved germplasm lines and cultivars. Results suggest that significant G × E interactions exist for several agronomic and fiber quality performance traits that are mostly due to changes in magnitude. Negative genotypic correlations still persist between lint percent/lint yield and fiber length/fiber strength. However, apparently the breeding methods and selection criteria used over 70 yr have lessened the negative relationship between agronomic performance and fiber quality over time to some degree. The results provide cotton breeders a resource to select specific Pee Dee germplasm lines for increased environmental stability. Cotton breeders can also use the information herein to select specific Pee Dee germplasm lines that represent rare recombination events that combine high yield and fiber quality potential.

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