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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 52 No. 5, p. 2262-2275
     
    Received: Feb 6, 2012


    * Corresponding author(s): josem.carrillo@upm.es
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2012.02.0081

Diversity and Genetic Structure of a Collection of Spanish Durum Wheat Landraces

  1. Magdalena Ruiza,
  2. Patricia Giraldob,
  3. Conxita Royoc,
  4. Dolors Villegasc,
  5. M. Jose Aranzanad and
  6. Jose M. Carrillo *b
  1. a Centro Nacional de Recursos Fitogenéticos, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Autovía de Aragón Km 36, 28800 Alcalá de Henares, Spain
    b Dep. Biotecnología, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos. Univ. Politécnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    c Institute for Food and Agricultural Research and Technology, Field Crops Section, Center UdL-IRTA, Rovira Roure, 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain
    d CRAG Agrigenomics Research Center (IRTA-CSIC-UAB), Jordi Girona, 18-6, 08034 Barcelona, Spain

Abstract

Knowledge of the genetic structure of germplasm collections is crucial for conservation and efficient use of genetic resources. This study assessed the diversity and genetic structure of a collection of landraces of Spanish durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) using several marker systems and correlated the diversity and agromorphological traits with geographic and climatic features. Analyzed genotypes were separated into nine populations, with moderate to great genetic divergence among them. The three subspecies dicoccon, turgidum, and durum present in the collection largely determined the clustering of the populations. Genotype variation was lower in dicoccon and turgidum than in durum. Genetic differentiation by the agroecological zone of origin was greater in dicoccon and turgidum than in durum. Diversity arrays technology markers revealed two geographic substructures, east–west for dicoccon and northeast–southwest for turgidum. The ssp. durum had a more complex structure, consisting of seven populations with high intrapopulation variation. Diversity arrays technology markers allowed the detection of subgroups within some populations, with agromorphological and gliadin differences, and distinct agroecological zones of origin. Two different phylogenetic groups were detected, revealing that some durum accessions were more related to ssp. turgidum from northern Spain while others seem to be more related to durum wheats from North Africa.

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Copyright © 2012. Copyright © by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.