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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 54 No. 4, p. 1322-1330
     
    Received: May 07, 2013
    Published: April 28, 2015


    * Corresponding author(s): tangzhenxing@126.com
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2013.05.0296

Date Pits: Chemical Composition, Nutritional and Medicinal Values, Utilization

  1. Lu-E Shia,
  2. Wei Zhenga,
  3. Salah Mohammed Aleidc and
  4. Zhen-Xing Tang *abc
  1. a College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal Univ., 310016, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
    c Date Palm Research Center, King Faisal Univ., P.O. Box 420, Al-hasa 31982, Saudi Arabia
    b Dep. of Food Science, Anqing Vocational & Technical College, 246003, Anqing, Anhui, China

Abstract

Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pits, by-products of date fruit processing industries, can provide many essential nutrients and potential health benefits to the human body. The chemical composition of date pits includes dietary fiber, fat, protein, minerals, sugar, antioxidants, and phytosterols. Nutritional and medicinal activities of date pits are related to their chemical composition. Many studies indicate that date pits have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, antiviral, hepatoprotective, nephroprotective, and gonadotropic activities. Date pits have shown a potential application in the food, fermentation, chemical, and feed industries. In this paper, we review chemical composition, nutritional and medicinal value, and the utilization of date pits.

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