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Crop Science Abstract - Crop Breeding & Genetics

Appraisal of Test Location and Variety Performance for the Selection of Tuber Yield in a Potato Breeding Program

 

This article in CS

  1. Vol. 55 No. 5, p. 1957-1968
     
    Received: Nov 26, 2014
    Accepted: Mar 27, 2015
    Published: July 17, 2015


    * Corresponding author(s): mark.paget@plantandfood.co.nz
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2014.11.0801
  1. M. F. Paget *a,
  2. L. A. Apiolazab,
  3. J. A. D. Andersonc,
  4. R. A. Geneta and
  5. P. A. Alspachd
  1. a New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Lincoln, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
    b School of Forestry, Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
    c New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Pukekohe 2676, New Zealand
    d New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Motueka 7198, New Zealand

Abstract

Differences in trait responses of genotypes across environments, or genotype × environment interactions (G × E), hinder the progress of genetic improvement. Characterization of these effects helps to determine breeding strategies and improve resource allocation in a cultivar development program. This study used historical multienvironment trial (MET) data (34 trials in five locations) for the analysis of marketable yield of advanced selections in a New Zealand potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) breeding program. A factor analytic (FA) model was used for the analysis of these MET data. Contrasts based on the environmental loadings were observed between the program’s main trial locations in the North Island (Pukekohe) and the South Island (Lincoln), indicating that these locations optimized differentiation between genotypes in terms of G × E effects. Genetic correlation estimates between trial environments were mostly moderately high (>0.5) to high (>0.8) and ranged from zero to positive with a maximum coefficient of 0.97, suggesting that quantitative (rescaling) rather than qualitative (crossover) G × E effects were of greater importance. A number of newly developed varieties were shown to have higher genetic yield potential than older and established commercial cultivars but did not necessarily show better yield stability over the locations tested.

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