Interspecific Hybridization in Glycine, Subgenus Leptocyamus1
- R. G. Palmer and
- H. H. Hadley2
Reciprocal hybrids between an induced autotetraploid form of Glycine tomentosa (Benth.) (n=20) and G. tabacina (Labill) Benth. (n=40) were obtained. All F1 hybrids were morphologically intermediate between the parents and were highly male and female sterile as estimated by pollen stainability and seed set. However, F1 hybrids with G. tomentosa cytoplasm had lower pollen stainability and the anthers usually failed to dehisce. F1's with G. tabacina cytoplasm shed pollen abundantly. F2 and backcross plants generally were lower in fertility than the F1's. In all comparisons made between G. tomentosa and G. tabacina cytoplasms the former was associated with lower fertility. Both species are members of the subgenus Leptocyamus and limited attempts to cross them with G. max (of the sub-genus, Soja) were unsuccessful.
Cytological observations indicated three different genomes are involved in the two species crossed. G. tomentosa was designated 2(A1) and G. tabacina 2(A0A2). Genome A1 is apparently more closely related to both genome A0 and A2 than A0 and A2 are related to each other.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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