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Crop Science Abstract -

A Rapid Method for Plant Leaf Area Estimation in Maize (Zea mays L.)1


This article in CS

  1. Vol. 9 No. 5, p. 537-539
    Received: Aug 9, 1968

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  1. C. A. Francis,
  2. J. N. Rutger and
  3. A. F. E. Palmer2



Total plant leaf area of individual maize plants (Zea mays L.) at anthesis was estimated by multiplying the area of leaf number seven, the best estimator in these studies based on correlation analyses, by an appropriate “leaf area factor.” This factor was determined by dividing total plant leaf area by the area of leaf seven, which was the largest or nearly the largest leaf for the 23 genotypes studied. For precise estimation, a factor should be determined for the largest leaf of each genotype or treatment in each population and each year. A very close correlation between estimated and actual leaf areas was observed when the leaf area factor was used.

To minimize the error incurred by plant-to-plant variation, at least five plants should be completely measured to determine the leaf area factor for a given genotype. This method of estimation could be applied widely to leaf area measurements in maize and should make it possible to determine leaf areas in yield trials, breeding nurseries, and extensive field tests.

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