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Science: Society Science

November 3, 2017
Technological advances have enabled researchers from various disciplines to collect more detailed data on biogeochemical transformations and cycles. One of these advances is the use of synchrotron rad...
November 3, 2017
Cotton leaf grade values significantly increase with remnants of leaf and bract materials in cotton lint. Higher cotton leaf grade values have a detrimental impact on the entire United States cotton i...
November 3, 2017
Knowledge about the soil nitrogen (N) supply potential of fields or areas within fields is essential for improving N management. Previous work in New York has shown the usefulness of the Illinois soil...
November 3, 2017
High-resolution soil maps are needed to guide precision irrigation, fertilization, and crop management decisions. A mobile device can be used to map apparent electromagnetic conductivity (EC) rapidly ...
October 19, 2017
Organic residuals are recycled back to the soil for beneficial uses. Policies governing land application practices are risk based, and their development depends on knowledge of residual quality, inclu...
October 19, 2017
Soil surface mapping at high resolution (10-cm observation scale × 100-µm resolution scale) provides insight into gas and water transports at the soil–atmosphere interface, which control biogeoche...
October 19, 2017
Common wild rice, (), as the recent common ancestor of cultivated rice ( L.), plays an important role in rice improvement. In situ and ex situ conservation are two main wild rice protection strategies...
October 19, 2017
Corn rootworms, which are destructive insect pests, have a long history of overcoming management strategies used by farmers. Knowledge of the spatial effects of corn rootworm larval feeding injury on ...
October 19, 2017
Groundwater irrigation is rapidly increasing throughout humid landscapes underlain by coarse-grained aquifers in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. Because surface waters are primarily groundwater-fe...
October 5, 2017
Bedding mixtures containing pine shavings produce less odors and have lower levels of total compared with those containing other crop- and wood-based materials. While availability and affordability m...
October 5, 2017
Genomic selection has the potential to greatly increase the rate of genetic gain in plant breeding programs. However, it is unclear how to cost-effectively implement genomic selection in plant breedin...
October 5, 2017
Corn residue is a source of soil organic carbon in row cropping systems in the Midwest. Farmers apply liquid nitrogen (N) to corn residue after harvest, assuming it will increase residue decomposition...
October 5, 2017
The high cost of textbooks has become a financial burden for many students, leading many to forgo purchasing them. Open textbooks and laboratory manuals present a viable long-term solution....
October 5, 2017
A dense and healthy lawn is capable of retaining properly applied nitrogen fertilizer with minimal nutrient loss to the environment. In Texas and much of the southern United States, urban water conser...
October 5, 2017
Optimizing nitrogen (N) fertilization is important to improve corn yield and reduce N losses to the environment. However, the economic optimum nitrogen rate (EONR) is variable and depends on many fact...
October 5, 2017
Understanding the location of preferential pathways for water infiltration is an issue with application to groundwater recharge and flow. Typically, procedures that map the locations of open fractures...
October 5, 2017
Douglas-fir (, a historically dominant species in the Pacific Northwest, is the primary tree harvested and re-planted throughout forested regions of Oregon and Washington. Stands are typically in thei...
October 5, 2017
First-year yield trials in large maize breeding programs involve many diverse lines and many trials but very limited replication and environments/management scenarios. Later-stage trials focus on test...
September 15, 2017
Soil water resources may be scarce, and their precise location and dynamics strongly influence plant transpiration and yield. The root systems play an important role in soil water redistribution, whic...
September 15, 2017
Being sessile, plants have always been overshadowed by the more active members of the animal kingdom, despite their remarkable ability to thrive in diverse and hostile environments. This presents an o...
September 15, 2017
An emerging demand from consumers and corporations to understand and improve on the environmental impacts of agricultural production is opening new opportunities for collaboration with the scientific ...
August 17, 2017
By better sharing of soil knowledge between people over a sustained period, soil condition and function as well as soil management can be improved, say authors of a recent article published in ....
August 17, 2017
Leaf rust caused by occurs regularly in the Great Plains and can cause significant losses in wheat in years that are favorable for the rust fungus to increase quickly. Leaf rust resistance genes deri...
August 17, 2017
The Comprehensive Assessment of Soil Health (CASH) test has been offered since 2006 and provides measurement of 15 physical, biological, and chemical soil properties. Measured values are related to so...
August 17, 2017
Grass–legume mixtures have long been considered viable alternatives to nitrogen-fertilized grass monocultures. There is little information on effects of seed mass ratios on productivity and economic...
August 17, 2017
The search for alternative sources of energy to limited fossil fuels has turned attention to sorghum as a potential dedicated bioenergy crop. Sorghum hybrids can provide biomass or sugars for subseque...
August 17, 2017
Subjective visual estimations of forage mass are inaccurate and often lead to poor stocking decisions. Most literature on estimating forage mass with nondestructive sampling procedures involves plant ...
August 17, 2017
Intensive deer farming can cause environmental issues, mainly by its impact on soils and water quality. In particular, there is a risk to the microbial quality of water, as high quantities of suspende...
August 17, 2017
The planning process for improving water quality in agricultural watersheds requires identification of options that can meet water quality goals. Farmers will be most affected by plan implementation a...
August 3, 2017
Multifunctional landscape design in the agricultural sector attempts to improve the resiliency and sustainability of agricultural systems while providing additional benefits. However, as new strategie...
August 3, 2017
Despite the known connection between soil moisture and wildfire danger, measured soil moisture is conspicuously absent from the list of variables commonly used in wildfire danger assessments. Instead,...
August 3, 2017
An article in the July–August 2017 issue of recounts one of the most costly disease outbreaks to affect North American agriculture and the lessons we can draw from it for the future. Southern corn ...
August 3, 2017
Although evidence of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill may not be visually obvious today, crude oil can still be found in Louisiana coastal marshes. Oil not initially degraded has become buri...
August 3, 2017
Land grant universities have moved from freely sharing research technologies to models that involve commercialization via licensing, yet a survey of land grant faculty showed strong support for more o...
August 3, 2017
Soils and the groundwater are increasingly contaminated by agrochemicals (such as fertilizers and pesticides), heavy metals, pathogenic microbes, hormones, and pharmaceuticals from livestock productio...
August 3, 2017
Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) causes significant yield loss and seed quality deterioration in soybean. In the United States, SMV was classified into seven strains, G1 through G7, and three host resistanc...
August 3, 2017
The hormone 17β-estradiol (E2) is a potent endocrine-disrupting chemical, produced by all vertebrate animals, including livestock. Part per trillion E2 concentrations can have negative impacts on aqu...
August 3, 2017
Since 2013, the sugarcane aphid () on sorghum has been rapidly spreading from state to state in the southern United States and, in 2016, reached 19 states. These aphids often become so abundant in num...
August 3, 2017
Photoperiod and in-season temperature are the primary factors that dictate the region where a soybean variety is adapted. The first study that defined hypothetical maturity group (MG) adaptation zones...
July 6, 2017
Soil compaction is a global threat to soil ecosystem services, causing tremendous costs to society. The costs of soil compaction are borne by the cumulative loss of soil functionality (e.g., yield los...
July 6, 2017
Self-incompatibility (SI) is an effective genetic mechanism that promotes outcrossing and maintains a high degree of heterozygosity in plants. Self-incompatibility also prevents inbreeding, and conseq...
July 6, 2017
Current agricultural land use is dominated by an emphasis on provisioning services by applying energy-intensive inputs through relatively uniform production systems across variable landscapes. This ap...
July 6, 2017
The connection between commercial N fertilizer and soil organic carbon (SOC) is widely debated. In a recent article in the , researchers examined how long-term nitrogen use affected soil C and N in co...
July 6, 2017
Deficiency of micronutrients can significantly reduce crop yield, quality, and economic return. In 2016, soybean was harvested from 3.04 million ha in Minnesota. In recent years, there has been increa...
July 6, 2017
If long-term phosphorus (P) fertilization increases soil P to concentrations exceeding plant requirements, water quality problems can result from P loss in runoff. Stopping P fertilization should decr...
July 6, 2017
Nitrogen is applied yearly to the more than 90 million ac of maize produced in the U.S. While grain yield has continued to increase through breeding and agronomic practices, evidence exists that N app...
July 6, 2017
Agricultural production in the western U.S. is an important part of the global food supply. However, due to concerns over impacts of agricultural greenhouse gases on the global climate, there is a nee...
July 6, 2017
Fungicidal seed coatings have become standard on commodity crop seed to control pathogenic fungi prior to germination. However, seed-applied fungicidal formulations containing multiple systemic ingred...
July 6, 2017
Harmful algal blooms can occur when noxious aquatic organisms grow in the presence of elevated urea concentrations. Urea-based fertilizers are ubiquitous, but decompose rapidly in soils. Thus, high ur...
June 1, 2017
Continuous cropping systems without rotations or cover crops are perceived as unsustainable for long-term yield and soil health. Continuous systems, defined as continually producing a crop on the same...
June 1, 2017
Because organic crop producers generally do not utilize herbicides, they have historically had limited access to conservation tillage practices that help retain soil organic carbon. Although no-till i...
June 1, 2017
Sediment is the number one pollutant in U.S. waterways. Overgrazing can increase soil erosion from pastures as well as sediment loading into aquatic systems. Grazing management and buffer strips may r...
June 1, 2017
Increases in climate variability have placed new emphasis on the need for resilient wheat varieties. Alongside demands for increased resiliency, consumer interest in healthier, more functional foods i...
June 1, 2017
Understanding the cycle of nitrogen and carbon in water ecosystems is critical to estimating human impacts on these cycles. Although water ecosystems are capable of recycling nitrogen and carbon, the ...
June 1, 2017
Stored livestock manure is a source of ammonia (NH) and the greenhouse gases methane (CH) and nitrous oxide (NO). One way to reduce these emissions may be to acidify the manure slurry. In an article r...
June 1, 2017
The transition point between capillary water and adsorbed water is defined as the critical point (including the critical matric potential and the critical water content) of the soil water retention cu...
June 1, 2017
Turfgrass tissue analysis can play an important role in developing nutrient management plans. Current interpretations are similar to those utilized in agronomic crops where maximizing yield is of prim...
June 1, 2017
Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) causes extensive soybean yield loss, and host resistance has been an effective strategy to minimize this loss. However, the widespread use of the PI 88788 source of SCN res...
June 1, 2017
Soil mapping identifies different soil types by compressing a unique suite of spatial patterns and processes across multiple spatial scales. It can be quite difficult to quantify spatial patterns of s...
May 19, 2017
Restoring drained peatlands is considered a climate change mitigation action. However, mitigating effects of wetlands restored for agricultural production largely depends on management intensity....
May 19, 2017
Biological N fixation (BNF) alone in soybean [ (L.) Merrill] crops is efficient as a N source to the soybean crop at yield levels up to 3,800 kg ha. However, for yields above 4,000 kg ha, the N cannot...
May 19, 2017
Vernal pools are shallow ponds during the rainy season that are completely dry in the summer. They are noted for their unique flora and fauna. Soils are critical to the hydrologic function of the vern...
May 19, 2017
Networked research sites are increasingly used to study regional land management impacts on carbon and water fluxes. However, key national networks lack contributions from the Lower Mississippi River ...
May 19, 2017
Bioactive compounds in pepper are associated with several health benefits. While consumers are looking for foods more nutritionally and functionally rich, growers want high-yielding cultivars with imp...
May 19, 2017
Road salt application for deicing has increased in the United States since the 1940s, and many studies have shown its environmental impact in surface water and shallow groundwater. However, despite th...
May 19, 2017
USDA-ARS coordinates the region-wide testing of advanced experimental breeding lines of wheat and other crop plants. Through these cooperative programs, data on agronomic performance and adaptation, d...
May 19, 2017
Laboratory accuracy and precision are essential for scientific research in order to obtain reliable and repeatable results on which scientific and other decisions are based. Accuracy refers to the clo...
May 19, 2017
Understanding the fate of nitrogen applied to soil is vitally important if we are to improve its agronomic use efficiency and reduce its negative effects on the environment. Very few studies have succ...
April 7, 2017
Specialty crops like wine grapes thrive across a heterogeneous array of soils in California’s Mediterranean climate. In vineyards, alleys and vine rows are managed separately: alleys support cover c...
April 7, 2017
Passive biological treatment systems, which include treatment wetlands, are an increasingly utilized, low-maintenance option to treat mine waters and reduce their widespread impacts on aquatic ecosyst...
April 7, 2017
Many crops may rely upon wild germplasm and related species to provide novel genes for improving disease resistance. Such genes are transferred from the exotic sources into commercial lines using back...
April 7, 2017
Climate change has caused vegetation shifts in subarctic wetlands due to rising temperatures, precipitation, and soil thaw. The resulting changes in soil chemistry from past to present vegetation are ...
April 7, 2017
Proper manure management is required to enhance production while minimizing nutrient losses to the environment. Producers in the region with intense broiler production take advantage of the plant nutr...
April 7, 2017
Ammonia volatilization from surface-applied urea is the nitrogen loss pathway of primary concern in direct-seeded, delayed-flood rice ( L.). Rainfall following urea application but before floodwater c...
April 7, 2017
The (JEQ) invites authors to submit abstracts of papers for an upcoming special section on “Soil Chemistry and the One Health Initiative” . These submissions should include a list of contributing...
April 7, 2017
Wheat productivity can be increased by increasing kernel size, which is related to ovary size. It is not known whether environmental factors that affect kernel size may also affect ovary size, thus ma...
April 7, 2017
Supplementation with preserved forages and other feedstuffs is the number one input cost in beef cattle operations. Extending the grazing season into the fall and early winter with annual forages is a...
April 7, 2017
Application of livestock manure to farm soils represents a priority nutrient management concern in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Historically, strong emphasis has been placed on adding manure storage ...
April 7, 2017
Preferential flow is broadly defined as the channeling of water and solutes through a small fraction of the pore space in the vadose zone. Among other consequences, preferential flow has significant i...
March 10, 2017
Infiltration is the main process to replenish soil moisture, recharge aquifers, and reduce groundwater depletion, and it supports streamflows during dry periods. However, most mathematical and physica...
March 10, 2017
Farmers around the world are considering dry direct seeding of rice, which not only reduces labor and time involved in land preparation, but also sustains rice production in rainfed conditions. Rice p...
March 10, 2017
Spelt ( ssp. ) is an old hulled wheat currently receiving renewed interest among consumers, bakers, millers, and farmers. Research is necessary to facilitate a production chain with a satisfactory rew...
March 10, 2017
Soil erosion is a worldwide problem causing severe land degradation and surface water quality deterioration. To effectively control soil erosion, distributed soil erosion models such as the Water Eros...
March 10, 2017
Corn ( L.) residue provides a simple and economical practice to integrate crops and livestock. Corn residue is used for grazing, livestock bedding, supplemental livestock feed, and as a feedstock for ...
March 10, 2017
Historically, field trials have served as the predominant method to assess yield impacts of farm management practices. However, as the amount of data produced by farm operations has increased over the...
March 10, 2017
Four million metric tons of phosphate fertilizer are applied annually to U.S. agricultural soils, but less than 40% is taken up by most crops. AVAIL copolymer is a fertilizer additive developed to enh...
March 10, 2017
Characterization of the vulnerability of water bodies to pollution from natural and anthropogenic sources requires understanding the relationship between land use and water quality. While this relatio...
March 10, 2017
Most of the microbial quality regulations and assessments for fresh waters use as an indicator of fecal contamination that may be harmful to human health. Stream and lake bottom sediments contain lar...
March 10, 2017
High-biomass sorghum could potentially produce high yields in the U.S. Midwest with minimal fertilizer inputs. However, little is known about its yield response, N uptake, nitrogen use efficiency (NUE...
February 13, 2017
Organic agriculture poses other demands on crop characteristics than conventional high-input conditions. The question is whether crop cultivars adapted to low-input organic management can be selected ...
February 13, 2017
Both seed number and seed weight are important to grain yield of sorghum, but seed number is often considered the most important yield component. Because sorghum is often grown under water-limiting co...
February 13, 2017
Reliable prediction of soil hydraulic characteristics is often required to assess soil and ground water contamination risk or soil remediation activities. Soil permeability to water either in saturate...
February 13, 2017
Proximal crop sensing has been used for predicting crop yield, the first step in development of algorithms for sensor-based N management. Most studies were conducted with grain crops, but a recently p...
February 13, 2017
The December 2016 issue of contains a review of soil and landscape evolution—the bio-hydrological processes during the initial development phases of geosystems or developments following an ecosyste...
February 13, 2017
The rising plate meter has been used for several decades to estimate forage yields in pastures containing only one or two forage species. However, pastures with multiple forage species have challenged...
February 13, 2017
Biogeochemical soil processes and fluxes are governed by physical, chemical, and biological properties, which can highly vary in space and time. Current knowledge on biogeochemical processes and fluxe...
February 13, 2017
Although there are many studies on how environmental conditions and agricultural practices affect nitrous oxide (NO) emissions, it is not well understood how N transformation processes are involved in...
February 13, 2017
While many soils in the Upper Midwest of the U.S. are extensively tile drained, substantial cropland remains poorly drained, negatively affecting nitrogen (N) fertilizer use efficiency and possibly de...