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Abstract

 

This article in JAS

  1. Vol. 93 No. 4, p. 1490-1493
     
    Received: July 15, 2014
    Accepted: Feb 10, 2015
    Published: March 27, 2015


    1 Corresponding author(s): m.lukaszewicz@ighz.pl
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doi:10.2527/jas.2014-8285

Correlations between purebred and crossbred body weight traits in Limousin and Limousin–Angus populations

  1. M. Lukaszewicz 1*,
  2. R. Davis,
  3. J. K. Bertrand,
  4. I. Misztal and
  5. S. Tsuruta
  1. * Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jastrzębiec, Postepu 36A, 05-552 Magdalenka, Poland
     Animal and Dairy Science Department, University of Georgia, Athens 30602-2771

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to estimate correlations between purebred and F1 crossbred performance to verify the appropriateness of current models used in multibreed selection. Records on birth weight (WB) and weaning weight (WW) from purebred Limousins (LIM) and Limousin × Angus progeny (F1) were used to estimate genetic parameters using a multiple-trait (purebred and F1 weights were different traits) approach. For WB, there were 148,647 records for LIM and 17,981 for F1, and for WW, there were 81,585 records for LIM and 21,778 for F1. The fixed effect in models for LIM and F1 animals was contemporary group. Random effects for LIM animals were direct genetic, maternal genetic, and maternal permanent environment effects. Random effects for F1 were sire and dam. The pedigree for Angus dams used for crossing was unavailable and therefore these dams were assumed unrelated. The direct h2 estimates (SE) for purebred animals were 0.41 (0.05) and 0.24 (0.02) for WB and WW, respectively. For F1, the same estimates were 0.22 (0.09) and 0.32 (0.05). Genetic correlations estimates between purebreds and crossbreds were 0.84 (0.07) and 0.64 (0.18) for WB and WW, respectively. The genetic correlation for WW estimated in this study suggests that F1 and purebred information for this trait should not be treated, genetically, as the same trait due to different genetic effects molding it. However, the genetic correlation for WB was much higher, indicating that this trait in purebreds and F1 is essentially the same trait.

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