Use of Wood-Based Materials in Beef Bedded Manure Packs: 2. Effect on Odorous Volatile Organic Compounds, Odor Activity Value, Escherichia coli, and Nutrient Concentrations
- Mindy J. Spiehs *a,
- Tami M. Brown-Brandla,
- Elaine D. Berrya,
- James E. Wellsa,
- David B. Parkerb,
- Daniel N. Millerc,
- Jeffrey P. Jaderborgd and
- Alfred DiCostanzod
- a USDA–ARS, Meat Animal Research Center, Spur 18D, Clay Center, NE 68933
b Palo Duro Research Facility, WTAMU Box 60938, West Texas A&M Univ., Canyon, TX 79016
c USDA Agricultural Research Service, Agroecosystems Research Unit, 118 Keim Hall, UNL-East Campus, Lincoln, NE 68583
d Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, 1364 Eckles Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108
The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of three types of wood-based bedding materials (kiln-dried pine wood chips, dry cedar chips, and green cedar chips) and corn stover on the concentration of odorous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and total Escherichia coli in bedded pack material. Four bedded packs of each bedding material were maintained for two 42-d periods (n = 32; eight replicates/bedding material). Straight- and branched-chained fatty acids, aromatic compounds, and sulfide compounds were measured from the headspace above each bedded pack. Green cedar bedding had the highest concentration of odorous VOCs, and pine chip bedding had the lowest (P < 0.01). Calculated odor activity values were highest for green cedar bedding, followed by dry cedar, corn stover, and pine chip bedding. As the bedded packs aged, the concentration of odorous VOCs increased, particularly in the bedded packs containing green cedar chips and dry cedar chips. Total E. coli concentrations increased from Days 0 to 21 and then began to decline and were similar among all bedding materials (P < 0.10). Results of this study indicate that producers using a long-term bedded pack management in their facility may benefit from using pine chips because they do not appear to increase odor over time. Cedar-based bedding materials may be better suited for a scrape-and-haul system, where the bedded pack is removed after 1 or 2 wk. Total E. coli concentrations did not differ between any of the four bedding materials over time.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
Copyright © 2013. Copyright © by the American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, Inc.