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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 10 No. 1, p. 27-30
     
    Received: June 25, 1979


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doi:10.2134/jeq1981.00472425001000010005x

Potentials of Cassava Peels as a Soil Amendment: I. Corn Growth1

  1. N. N. Agbim2

Abstract

Abstract

In a greenhouse study on corn (Zea mays L.) to assess the potentials of cassava peels (CP) as a soil amendment, the peels were mixed with cattle dung (D) in different proportions and applied at rates up to 200 metric tons/ha to 4 kg of potted soil. Nitrogen, P, K, and Mg fertilizers (F) were added as a variable. The higher the rate of the CP + D mixture and the more the proportion of D in the mixture, the greater the yield for the first crop except that CP + D + F treatments did not increase yield when applied at > 150 metric tons/ha. Mixtures without F containing 50% CP or above, and CP with F at and above 100 metric tons/ha, gave higher yields with the second cropping. This suggests that preplant incubation beyond the 3 weeks used was desirable to obtain greater N mineralization during the first cropping.

Over the two cropping periods, increasing rates of CP increased yields from 29% to 244% of the control, thus showing the value of CP as a soil amendment. Moreover, CP + F was generally as effective as CP + D and D + F combinations. This obviates the necessity for D which is relatively scarce in West Africa. The CP + D mixtures enhanced fertilizer efficiency with the first cropping.

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