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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Comparative Movement of Different Enteroviruses in Soil Columns1


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 11 No. 3, p. 347-351
    Received: Jan 17, 1981

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  1. J. C. Lance,
  2. C. P. Gerba and
  3. D.-S. Wang2



Echo 1 and Echo 29, the least adsorptive viruses studied in previous batch studies with small soil samples, and Polio 1 were seeded in secondary sewage effluent that was applied to 250-cm-long soil columns. Water samples from various column depths showed that the adsorption patterns for Echo 29 and Polio 1 were quite similar. Fewer Echo 1 viruses were adsorbed near the soil surface, but the leaching pattern below the 40-cm depth resembled that for Polio 1 and Echo 29. The leaching patterns of Echo 1 and Polio 1 were influenced in a similar manner by changes in virus concentration, and flow velocity and leaching patterns were similar for three other soils with a wide range in virus-retention efficiencies. These tests and previous experiments on virus adsorption and survival suggest that movement of polioviruses type 1 through soils is similar to the movement of many other enteroviruses through soils. Virus movement through loamy sand roughly paralleled that of fecal coliforms.

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