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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 12 No. 2, p. 276-281
     
    Received: Feb 12, 1982


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doi:10.2134/jeq1983.00472425001200020025x

Impact of Ozone on Soybean Yield1

  1. L. W. Kress and
  2. J. E. Miller2

Abstract

Abstract

Field-grown soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merr., cv. Corsoy] were exposed to O3 for 7 h daily (0900–1600 CST) for 56 d in open-top chambers. The air in the chambers was either charcoal-filtered or non-filtered, with various constant amounts of O3 added. The randomized block design incorporated four replicates of six treatments: no chamber (0.042 ppm O3 seasonal 7-h average); chamber with charcoal-filtered air (0.022 ppm O3); and chambers with non-filtered air plus added O3 to provide concentrations of 0.042, 0.064, 0.089, and 0.115 ppm. A linear reduction in seed weight per plant with increasing ozone dose (b (slope) = −87.18) was significant (P = 0.01), and yields were reduced 5, 23, 39, and 52% for the 0.042, 0.064, 0.089, and 0.115 ppm O3 treatments, respectively, compared with the 0.022 ppm treatment. Significant (P = 0.01) linear reductions were also noted for filled pods per plant (b = 184.4), seeds per filled pod (b = −0.9955), weight per seed (b = −0.3794), and percent oil content (b = −12.33). Significant (P = 0.01) linear increases were noted for unfilled pods per plant (b = 58.11) and percent protein content (b = 20.58). A comparison of the open plots with the nonfiltered air chamber plots provided with the same concentration of O3 revealed no significant chamber effects.

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