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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 14 No. 1, p. 111-114
    Received: Apr 25, 1984

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Residual Phytotoxicity of Chlorsulfuron in Two Soils1

  1. R. L. Anderson and
  2. M. R. Barrett2



Chlorsulfuron {2-chloro-N-[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl) amino carbonyl] benzenesulfonamide} selectively controls broad-leaf weeds in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), but also is extremely persistent in soil, resulting in residual injury to succeeding crops that are susceptible to chlorsulfuron. To determine the factors affecting chlorsulfuron degradation, the effect of environmental variables and method of application on chlorsulfuron persistence was measured in a loam and sandy loam soil using a corn (Zea mays L.) root bioassay. Increasing soil temperature from 20 to 40°C decreased chlorsulfuron persistence, with significant differences in chlorsulfuron concentration occurring 31 d after application to the sandy loam soil. Soil water level affected chlorsulfuron persistence only in the loam soil, where increasing the soil water level decreased persistence. Adding wheat residue to the soils increased chlorsulfuron persistence in the sandy loam, but not in the loam soil. One possible explanation for this reduced degradation in the sandy loam was a shift in pH toward basicity, as the addition of 0.050 kg kg−1 wheat residue raised the pH from 6.1 to 7.2. In the loam soil, the wheat residue did not affect soil I~H. Chlorsulfuron persistence was affected by texture, with longer activity occurring in the loam soil in all studies. Incorporating chlorsulfuron caused a greater loss of chlorsulfuron activity in the sandy loam, indicating that incorporation may influence chlorsulfuron persistence.

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