Leaching of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Organic Carbon From Wheat Straw Residues: II. Loading Rate1
- J. D. Schreiber2
Using a rainfall simulator, wheat straw residue (Triticum aestivum L.) in 1.0-m2 pans was subjected to simulated rainfall. Runoff from the wheat residue was sampled as a function of time and analyzed for PO43−-P, NH4+-N, NO3−-N, and organic carbon (OC). Rainfall at 25 mm h−1 was applied for 1 h to five residue weights equivalent to field loading rates of 2200, 4500, 6700, 9000, and 11 200 kg ha−1. As loading rates increased from 2200 to 9000 kg ha−1, both concentrations and losses of PO43−-P, NH43−-N, and OC increased, whereas those of NO3−-N decreased. During individual runoff events at all loading rates, PO43−-P, NH4+-N, and OC concentrations increased relatively rapidly to a maximum concentration in runoff and then decreased during the remainder of the 1-h runoff event. The relationship of nutrient concentrations with time were described by a power function Y = aXb and to runoff by a hyperbolic equation of the form Y = 1/(a + bX). The quantity (kg ha−1) of nutrients leached from the wheat residue followed the order C > P > N. For all loading rates, percentage N (NH4+-N + NO3−-N) and C leached from the wheat residue was < 10 g kg−1, compared with 240 to 430 g kg−1 for P.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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