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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 14 No. 3, p. 354-360
     
    Received: Aug 29, 1984


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doi:10.2134/jeq1985.00472425001400030010x

Nutrient Runoff Losses as Predicted by Annual and Monthly Soil Sampling1

  1. A. N. Sharpley,
  2. S. J. Smith,
  3. W. A. Berg and
  4. J. R. Williams2

Abstract

Abstract

The transport of soluble and particulate P and N in runoff from several cropped and grassed watersheds in Oklahoma and Texas was related to the nutrient content of surface soil (0–50 mm) sampled monthly and annually (March) over a 2-yr period in an effort to improve the prediction of nutrient transport. For both monthly and annual soil samplings, the prediction of soluble P was good for events > 0.75 mm runoff (r values ranged from 0.57 to 0.92), but smaller events were poorly predicted. The nitrate content of runoff was not closely related to surface soil content (r vlaues ranged from 0.17 to 0.58), precluding its accurate prediction in runoff. Prediction of both particulate P and total N concentrations of individual runoff events was improved using separate equations for grassed and cropped watersheds compared to a general equation. Even so, predicted mean annual flow-weighted concentrations and amounts of soluble P, particulate P, and total N using either monthly or annual soil nutrient data were significantly related to measured values at the 0.01 level and above (r values ranged from 0.57 to 0.97). Results indicate that seasonal variation in soil nutrient content had less effect on the predictive equations than rainfall and management characteristics. Consequently, these characteristics must be accounted for before the transport equations can be reliably used on an individual runoff event basis.

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