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This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 19 No. 1, p. 65-72
     
    Received: May 20, 1986


    * Corresponding author(s):
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doi:10.2134/jeq1990.00472425001900010008x

Aluminum Speciation Using Morin: I. Morin and Its Complexes with Aluminum

  1. B. A. Browne *,
  2. J. G. McColl and
  3. C. T. Driscoll
  1. O 'Brien and Gere Engineers, Inc., Syracuse, NY 13110;
    D ep. of Plant and Soil Biology, Univ. of California, Berkeley;
    D ep. of Civil Engineering, Syracuse Univ., Syracuse, NY.

Abstract

Abstract

In this and a companion study, we developed a procedure that uses the fluorescing chelating agent morin (2,3,4,5,7-pentahydroxy-flavone) to speciate aqueous Al in the acidic pH range. Morin is a pentaprotic acid with five weakly acidic functional groups. However, only the first proton dissociation reaction was found to be significant in the acidic pH range, and a simple monoprotic model (pKal = 5.04) accurately described proton binding. Aluminum and morin formed complexes of 1:1 and 1:2 and/or 1:3 (Al/morin) stoichiometry, but at low total morin concentrations (near 1 µM) only 1:1 species were prevalent. The equilibrium chemistry of 1:1 Al/morin complexes in the acidic pH range was closely described by a parabolic model consistent with the formation of three complexes: AlH4MOR2+, Al(OH)H4MOR+, and Al(OH)2H4MOR0. For Al and six potentially interfering cations, the order of affinity for morin relative to Al in the acidic pH range was approximately as follows: Al > Fe(III) > Cu > Fe(II) > Ca > Mg > Mn = Zn. Formation of competing cation-morin complexes was enhanced with increasing pH. None of the tested cations formed complexes with morin with fluorescence spectra overlapping the spectra of the Al-morin complexes.

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