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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Leaf Gas Exchange of Maize Plants Fumigated with Sulfur Dioxide


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 19 No. 1, p. 154-156
    Received: Dec 28, 1988

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  1. O. Gerini,
  2. L. Guidi,
  3. G. Lorenzini and
  4. G. F. Soldatini
  1. Istituto Chimica Agraria, Via S. Michele degli Scalzi, 2 56100 Pisa, Italy;
    Dipartimento di Coltivazione e Difesa delle Specie Legnose, Sezione Patologia Vegetale, Via del Borghetto, 80 56100 Pisa, Italy.



Leaf gas exchange was measured in maize (Zea mays L.) plants that had been exposed continuously for a period of 4 wk to a range of SO2 concentrations applied in fumigation chambers. Exposure to a constant SO2 level of 43 and 71 nLL−1 induced a decrease in the apparent photosynthesis and quantum yield, and an increase in the stomatal conductance and transpiration rate in comparison to the charcoal-air filtered controls. This would suggest that the reduction in photosynthesis observed was mainly due to nonstomatal components, i.e., the direct effect of SO2 on the mesophyll.

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