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Journal of Environmental Quality Abstract -

Chlorodioxins in Pesticides, Soils, and Plants


This article in JEQ

  1. Vol. 2 No. 2, p. 171-178
    Received: June 7, 1972

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  1. C. S. Helling,
  2. A. R. Isensee,
  3. E. A. Woolson,
  4. P. D. J. Ensor,
  5. G. E. Jones,
  6. J. R. Plimmer and
  7. P. C. Kearney2



Chlorodioxins, such as 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are highly toxic impurities found in certain pesticides. A review is made of (i) the sources and toxicology of TCDD and its relationship to the herbicide 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), and (ii) pesticide analyses and soil-related environmental studies of TCDD conducted by the U. S. Department of Agriculture. TCDD was persistent and immobile in soils. The dioxin was not detected, however, 6 years after abnormally high applications of 2,4,5-T to Lakeland sand. TCDD was not photodegraded on soil and only slightly, in aqueous suspension. Plants grown in soil containing 0.06 ppm TCDD had no detectable quantity (⩽ 1 ppb) at maturity. It was not translocated when applied to leaves, but wash-off or volatilization occurred. TCDD was undetected (< 50 ppb) in 19 bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) carcasses.

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